## Math Course Descriptions

**Math 7**

The Grade 7 Mathematics Program builds upon skills developed in previous grades. Topics in the program are organized into four strands: Number, Patterns & Relations, Shape & Space, and Statistics & Probability. Activities stem from a problem-solving approach and lead to an understanding of the nature of mathematics through specific knowledge, skills and attitudes among and between stands.

**Math 8**

Mathematics 8 is the first course in the secondary school mathematics program. In this course students will develop numeracy skills in four broad curricular areas: Number, Patterns and Relations (Patterns, Variables and Equations), Shape and Space (Measurement, 3-D Objects and 2-D Shapes, Transformations), Statistics and Probability (Data Analysis, Chance and Uncertainty). With its focus on problem solving and communicating mathematical reasoning, Mathematics 8 encourages students to develop a clear understanding of mathematical concepts, recognize the inter-disciplinary nature of mathematics and appreciate its contributions to the world around us. This course will help prepare students for Mathematics 9.

**Math 9**

In math 9 students will continue to develop their numeracy skills while working through the four main modules of: number, patterns and relations, shape and space and statistics and probability. Sub topics include order of operations with fractions and decimals, exponent laws, algebra and graphing linear equations, surface area and volume as well as probability. After grade 9, math branches into two fields; pre-calculus 10 or apprenticeship and workplace 10.

**Apprenticeship and Workplace Math 10**

Apprenticeship and Workplace Math 10 is a perfect fit for those students who enjoy a more practical exposure to math. As the title implies, it is geared towards those students heading towards a career in the trades where they will eventually complete an apprenticeship. Topics include: unit price, earning an income, measurement and trigonometry. This course focuses on the applied use of mathematics. Grade ten math students are required to write a BC Provincial exam, worth 20% of their final grade. Upon completion of AW math 10, students will then take AW math 11.

**Foundations and Pre-calculus Math 10**

The goal of this course is to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies. Topics include algebra and number, functions and relations, and measurement. The seven mathematical processes (communication, connections, mental mathematics and estimation, problem solving, reasoning, technology, and visualization) are interwoven throughout the mathematical topics. After successful completion of the Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-Calculus 10 course students can choose to take Foundations of Mathematics 11 or Pre-calculus 11. At the end of this course, students are required to take the BC Provincial Exam, which counts for 20% of their grade in the course.

**Apprenticeship Math 11**

Trigonometry, banking and budgets, surface area and volume, and familiarity with Imperial and SI units are the key topics covered in this course. Students taking this course will be aiming to enter the work force or a trades program after graduating from high school. After completion of AW math 11 students can choose whether to continue with AW math 12 or not, depending on their future goals. This course meets the Mathematics 11 graduation requirement.

**Foundations Math 11**

The Foundations of math 11 course provides students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies that do not require the study of theoretical calculus (arts and humanities). Topics include reasoning, trigonometry, linear and quadratic functions, as well as statistics. This course requires a strong understanding a algebra and trigonometry covered in math 10 pre-calculus and foundations.

Course prerequisite: math 10 foundations and pre-calculus

**Pre-Calculus Math 11**

The goal of this course is to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies. Pre-calculus math 11 requires a solid knowledge base in radicals, exponents, trigonometry and most importantly, algebra. Topics include sequences and series, trigonometry, quadratic functions, and rational expressions. The seven mathematical processes: communication, connections, mental mathematics and estimation, problem solving, reasoning, technology, and visualization, are interwoven throughout the mathematical topics. After successful completion of the Pre-Calculus 11 course students can choose to take Foundations of Mathematics 12 or Pre-calculus 12.

Course prerequisite: math 10 foundations and pre-calculus

**Foundations Math 12**

The Foundations of math 12 course provides students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies that do not require the study of theoretical calculus (arts and humanities). The practical focus of this course enables students to develop their mathematical knowledge and skills in the context of their lives and possible careers. Topics include finance, probability, and functions.

Course prerequisite: foundations of math 11

**Pre-Calculus Math 12**

The goal of this course is to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies. This course requires a strong understanding of skills developed in pre-calculus 11. Topics include transformations, polynomials, logarithms, trigonometric equations and identities as well as function notation and operations.

Course prerequisite: pre-calculus math 11