## Math Course Descriptions

**Math 8**

Mathematics 8 is the first course in the secondary school mathematics program. In this course students will develop numeracy skills in four broad curricular areas: Number, Patterns and Relations (Patterns, Variables and Equations), Shape and Space (Measurement, 3-D Objects and 2-D Shapes, Transformations), Statistics and Probability (Data Analysis, Chance and Uncertainty). With its focus on problem solving and communicating mathematical reasoning, Mathematics 8 encourages students to develop a clear understanding of mathematical concepts, recognize the inter-disciplinary nature of mathematics and appreciate its contributions to the world around us. This course will help prepare students for Mathematics 9.

**Math 9**

In math 9 students will continue to develop their numeracy skills while working through the four main modules of: number, patterns and relations, shape and space and statistics and probability. Sub topics include order of operations with fractions and decimals, exponent laws, algebra and graphing linear equations, surface area and volume as well as probability. After grade 9, math branches into two fields; pre-calculus 10 or Workplace 10.

**Workplace Math 10**

Apprenticeship and Workplace Math 10 is a perfect fit for those students who enjoy a more practical exposure to math. As the title implies, it is geared towards those students heading towards a career in the trades where they will eventually complete an apprenticeship. Topics include: financial literacy, geometry and measurement, data and probability. This course focuses on the applied use of mathematics. Upon completion of AW math 10, students will then take AW math 11.

**Foundations and Pre-calculus Math 10**

The goal of this course is to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies. Topics include algebra and number, functions and relations, geometry and measurement as well as financial literacy. The seven mathematical processes (communication, connections, mental mathematics and estimation, problem solving, reasoning, technology, and visualization) are interwoven throughout the mathematical topics. After successful completion of the Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-Calculus 10 course students can choose to take Foundations of Mathematics 11 or Pre-calculus 11.

**Workplace Math 11**

This course builds on the topics covered in Workplace math 10. Trigonometry, banking and budgets, surface area and volume, and familiarity with Imperial and SI units are the key topics covered in this course. Students taking this course will be aiming to enter the work force or a trades program after graduating from high school. After completion of AW math 11 students can choose whether to continue with AW math 12 or not, depending on their future goals. This course meets the Mathematics 11 graduation requirement.

**Foundations Math 11**

The Foundations of math 11 course provides students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies that do not require the study of theoretical calculus (arts and humanities). Topics include reasoning, trigonometry, linear and quadratic functions, as well as statistics. This course requires a strong understanding a algebra and trigonometry covered in math 10 pre-calculus and foundations.

Course prerequisite: math 10 foundations and pre-calculus

**Pre-Calculus Math 11**

The goal of this course is to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies. Pre-calculus math 11 requires a solid knowledge base in radicals, exponents, trigonometry and most importantly, algebra. Topics include exponents and radicals, trigonometry, quadratic functions, and rational expressions. The seven mathematical processes: communication, connections, mental mathematics and estimation, problem solving, reasoning, technology, and visualization, are interwoven throughout the mathematical topics. After successful completion of the Pre-Calculus 11 course students can choose to take Foundations of Mathematics 12 or Pre-calculus 12.

Course prerequisite: foundations and precalculus math 10

**Foundations Math 12**

The Foundations of math 12 course provides students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies that do not require the study of theoretical calculus (arts and humanities). The practical focus of this course enables students to develop their mathematical knowledge and skills in the context of their lives and possible careers. Topics include finance, probability, functions and regression analysis. Please note, this course requires a graphing calculator. These can be purchased from a local store or loaned from AVS (deposit required).

Course prerequisite: foundations of math 11

**Pre-Calculus Math 12**

The goal of this course is to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies. This course requires a strong understanding of skills developed in pre-calculus 11. Topics include transformations, polynomials, logarithms, trigonometric equations and identities, conics and sequences and series.

Course prerequisite: pre-calculus math 11